Caithness Defibrillator Campaign Group
Co-ordinating the locations of the defibrillators in Caithness and fund-raising.
If defibrillated within the first minute of collapse, the victim's chances for survival are close to 90%. For every minute that defibrillation is delayed, survival decreases by 7-10 %. If it is delayed by more than 10 minutes, the chance of survival in adults is less than 5%. Despite every effort and endeavour by ambulance paramedics, some emergency calls can take more than 10 minutes to arrive at an incident. Rural communities and villages are at greater risk when cardiac arrest occurs. Every effort is made to arrive at an incident within Government recommended timescales of 8 minutes. When cardiac arrest occurs every minute without the use of an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) can reduce chance of survival by 10%. When 10 minutes approaches, only effective CPR may prolong the chance of survival of the patient.
With simple audio and visual commands, AEDs are designed to be simple to use for the layperson, and the use of AEDs is taught in many first aid, certified first responder, and basic life support (BLS) level cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) classes.
In the UK there are over 30,000 cardiac arrests a year outside of hospital – in homes and communities – where the emergency medical services attempt resuscitation. However, less than one in ten victims of cardiac arrest survive to be discharged from hospital. This is why having public access defibrillators are important in rural areas.
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